INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. -- The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has released a comparison of current NCAA rules versus those of Federation Internationale de Nation (FINA), the world governing body for aquatic sports, and the National Federation of High Schools (NFHS) to address differences in the rules and how rules are applied.
For example, the rules regarding the videotaping of games are quite different. Under FINA rules, teams can video games but video is not used to detect misconducts. However, by NCAA rules, which are also applied to the National Collegiate Club level of the sport, there is no rule against videotaping but video can not bue used for review during games. However, under NCAA guidelines, video can be used after a contest for detecting misconducts, etc. Finally, under NFHS rules, teams can record games but not use replay during game for coaching purposes or after the contest to make decisions relating to game.
A similar disparity in rules occurs in regards to red cards for misconduct or flagrant misconduct. Under FINA, a red card should always be awarded, however the recipient is penalized with the misconduct or the flagrant misconduct penalty, not the red card penalty. The fouls of misconduct and brutality are recorded on the scoresheet, not the red card. By NCAA and NFHS guidelines, a red card does not need to be awarded. An official should not award a red card for misconduct or flagrant misconduct, but can issue a red card if a player refuses to leave water or if misconduct continues after player already awarded a penalty shot for misconduct is on the way out of the pool.
A complete listing of the rules differences is available here.